Monday, November 24, 2014

The satanic verses, a detailed refutation

The satanic verses

The story of the satanic verses is one of the most over mentioned allegation against the prophet Muhammad mostly by christens[1] but also atheists mention it[2] with this simple introduction let us start

The sources are in Arabic I took it and translate what it says and the references

"According to al-Tabari,
When the Messenger of God saw how his tribe turned their backs on him and was grieved to see them shunning the message he had brought to them from God, he longed in his soul that something would come to him from God which would reconcile him with his tribe. With his love for his tribe and his eagerness for their welfare it would have delighted him if some of the difficulties which they made for him could have been smoothed out, and he debated within himself and fervently desired such an outcome. Then God revealed:
By the Star when it sets, your comrade does not err, nor is he deceived; nor does he speak out of (his own) desire . . .
and when he came to the words:
Have you thought upon al-Lat and al-‘Uzza and Manat, the third, the other?
Satan cast on his tongue, because of his inner debates and what he desired to bring to his people, the words:
These are the high-flying cranes; verily their intercession is accepted with approval. (Al-Tabari, p. 108)"
The polytheists were delighted that Muhammad had at last approved of their gods. To return the kindness, they "prostrated themselves because of the reference to their gods which they had heard, so that there was no one in the mosque, believer or unbeliever, who did not prostrate himself" (p. 109).
Muhammad’s friendly relations with the polytheists were short-lived, however, for he soon learned that his verses praising pagan idols came not from God, but from Satan. Saddened to recognize his treachery against Allah, Muhammad lamented: "I have fabricated things against God and have imputed to Him words which He has not spoken" (p. 111). Yet "Gabriel" comforted Muhammad, informing him that all prophets fall for Satan’s tricks from time to time. This staggering and unbelievable claim even found its way into the Qur’an:
"And We did not send before you any apostle or prophet, but when he desired, the Shaitan made a suggestion respecting his desire; but Allah annuls that which the Shaitan casts, then does Allah establish His communications, and Allah is Knowing, Wise." (Surah 22:52)"

In it’s Arabic source
Ok so let us check the sanad of the so-called story
The Arabic version of the story contain the following narrators
{Al-Qasim Told us, Al-hussain told us he said: I was told by Hajaj from Ibn Jarih from Abi Maʿshar from Muhammad Ibn Kaʿab Al-Qarati and Muhammad Ibn Qais}[3]

So what is the problem who is the weak narrator actually there is 2 weak narrators here (Muhammad Ibn Kaʿab Al-Qarati and Muhammad Ibn Qais)

We will open the book Siar Aʿlam a Nubala By Imam Shams Al-Dean Al-Dahabi Mūwasis Al-Risala Edition
{It was said that Muhammad Ibn Kaʿab Al-Qarati was born at the time of the prophet (Peace Be upon Him) but that is not true}[4]

i.e he was not even born at the time of the prophet Muhammad so HOW can he narrate the story this is what is called in Ilm Al-Hadith a Mursal Hadith i.e a narration by a man who never even talked with the prophet or being with him
so what about Muhammad Ibn Qais?
He didn’t even talked to the prophet same with Muhammad Ibn Kaʿab Al-Qarati

{Muhammad Ibn Qais
Abo Maʿshar speak about him he said: Yahya said He is By nothing his hadiths are not to be told}[5]

But how do we know that Mursal is a hadiths that is considered Daiʿf?

{And Mursla is one of the narrations that is on our opinion and the opinion of Ahl Al-ʿIlm is not to be taken}[6]

{And Abu Isa said and the hadith if it’s Mursal then it’s not Authentic by the opinion of the majority of Ahl Al-Ilm}[7]

{Abu Isa said: and who make the mursal Daiʿf is so because it was considered Daiʿf by these Imams who talked about the trusted ones and non-trusted ones so if one of them mention a Mursal Hadith he will be taken as one of the non-trusted ones}[8]

Even Modern day scholars won’t accept it
{at what sections of hadiths is considered the hadith Mursal
Al-Mursal is one of the weak ones}[9]

How about if I tell you there is another third weak narrator in the story?
(Abi Maʿshar)
{Najih Abi Maʿshar: from Muhammad Ibn Kaʿab , and Nafi ʿ his hadith is munkar (denied)}[10]

So what is Munkar? Hadith let us see
{it was said from Ibn Qabtan that Bukhari said: all what you about it is Munkar Hadith so the narration is not accepted}[11]

{Najih Abi Maʿshar: Daiʿf , madani}[12]

{7150:Najih Ibn ʿAbdalrahman Al-sindi known as Abi Maʿshar and his is Muala to Bani Hashim known with his nickname: Daiʿf…}[13]
There is yet another weak narrator
(Ibn Jarih)
{Narrated By Athram : Ahmad Ibn Hanbal said : if Ibn Jarih said: (So and so said and I was told) he brought denied ones and if he said : I told him and I heard then stay away from him (stay away from Ibn Jarih)}[14]

{the man is trusted , and hafiz, But he fabricate and lie when he say (from) or (“a narrator” said}[15]

So when he said (From) or ((“a narrator” said) therefore he is rejected let us see the sanad of the so called story
(by Hajaj from Ibn Jarih from Abi Maʿshar from Muhammad Ibn Kaʿab Al-Qarati and Muhammad Ibn Qais)
Se we see it says (from) therefore Ibn Jarih is rejected

It should be obvious now to anyone who open his eyes and see what the major classical Islamic scholars say about the narrators of the so-called story that it’s fabricated and false

Now what does major Islamic scholars say about the story?
{a lot of Mufasirins (commentators) here the story of the satanic verses……thinking that the polytheists of Quraish has converted to Islam. But from all narrators and ways I saw it Mursal and I never saw a single authentic narration of it}[16]

{And the weakness of the hadith clarify all allegations… (And he mentions the satanic verses)}[17]

{This story is Ama (general or public) to the known commentators, But Ahl-Altahqiq (the people with the knowledge to investigate) said that this story is False they knew that using Quran and Sunnah…..
And how they did it using Sunnah is which was narrated from Muhammad Ibn Ishaq Ibn Khuzaima that he asked about this story and he was answered with that this story was inserted b fabricators and so Ibn Kuzaima wrote a book about it and Imam Abu Baker Ahmed Ibn Hussain Al-Bahiqi said this story is untrustworthy from the issue of narrators then he went forth and talked about how the narrators of this story are fabricators}[18]

{(he goes on and mention the satanic verses) and it was Mardod (rejected) on the opinion of Ahl-Altahqiq (the people with the knowledge to investigate) …
(on the bottomSheikh Hashia Muhii Al-dean says : the meaning of (and it was Mardod) means that a group of them that this verse was revealed on the mouth of the prophet without his knowledge from the satanic verses but the Major Scholars of Sunnah responded to this allegation: this story is a fabrication and responded to it with Quran  and reasonable thinking}[19]

{Issue: Know that the Issue of the Satanic Verses and how it’s impossible religiously and the evidence of the Quran Against it was not authenticated in a good way, and it was proven to be False by a Large Number of Hadith scholars}[20]

Now you may ask (I still don’t trust even these classical Islamic sources where does the Quran refute the story?)
Quran 53:1-5
{By the Star when it goes down, Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled, Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire, It is no less than inspiration sent down to him, He was taught by one Mighty in Power}

Here the Quran Says that Muhammad was neither astray nor being misled and It is no less than inspiration sent down to him
What makes it even more interesting is that the VERY Story mention this verse
(By the Star when it sets, your comrade does not err, nor is he deceived; nor does he speak out of (his own) desire . . .)
So how come the so-called story mention this verse that says the prophet does not error?? This is a contradiction within the story

Also Quran 10:37
{ This Qur'an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book - wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the worlds.}
So Allah says This Qur'an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah so it’s impossible for the so called story to acquire

Also at 10:15
{But when Our Clear Signs are rehearsed unto them, those who rest not their hope on their meeting with Us, Say: "Bring us a reading other than this, or change this," Say: "It is not for me, of my own accord, to change it: I follow naught but what is revealed unto me: if I were to disobey my Lord, I should myself fear the penalty of a Great Day (to come)."}
So here the polytheist say to the prophet to bring a new one other than this or change it the prophet reply that it’s not from him or his own right to CHANGE it he follow the commandments and revelation revealed to him if he were to disobey his lord he should fear god penalty at the day or resurrection

Finally in 26:210-212
{No evil ones have brought down this (Revelation):, It would neither suit them nor would they be able (to produce it). Indeed they have been removed far from even (a chance of) hearing it.}
This is even a stronger evidence this verse suggest that this Book Can NEVER be taught or revealed by devils (which was allegedly happened on the satanic verses)
It should be obvious now that this so-called “Masterpiece” is indeed a Masterpiece of Deception and lies and propaganda after we have observed the Quranic and Classical Islamic Scholars Evidence against it

Now is this over of evidence against it?? Certainly not let’s see more Sunnah evidence
{from ʿAbdullah Ibn ʿAmr Said: I was Writing Everything I heard from the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) I wanted to memorize it but Quraish prevented me and said “you wright Everything the prophet say in anger and Satisfaction”? so I stopped writing tell I said that to the prophet he replied “Wright it down By Him in Whose Hands my life is, there is nothing in it but truth”}[21]
So how come the satanic verse which is deception can come down to the prophet when he say nothing but truth?

This so-called Masterpiece is indeed as we just investigated and saw is nothing but a lie a fabrication a bad excuse for Christians and atheists alike we saw how over four narrators are considered weak and false resulting in rejecting the whole narration there are many other scholars I didn't mentioned that refuted it but this is for now should be convincing to everyone and anyone who is honest enough about searching for the truth

[3] Tafsir Al-Tabari Vol(16) Page.186-187
[4] Siar Aʿlam a Nubala By Imam Shams Al-Dean Al-Dahabi Vol(5) Page.65 Mūwasis Al-Risala Edition
[5] Al-Duafa Wa Al-Matroken By Imam Ibn Al-Jawzi Vol(3) Page.93 Dar Al-kutob Al-Ilmia Edition 
[6] Sahih Muslim by Imam Muslim Ibn Hajaj Page.18 Dar Taiba Edition
[7] Sunan Al-Tirmidi by Imam Al-Tirmidi Vol(5) Page.556 Dar Al-hadith Edition
[8] Ibid.Page
[9] Sharish Ilm Al-Hadith By Sheikh Mustafa Al-Adawi Page.39 Maktaba Makkah Edition
[10] Kitab Al-Duafa Al-saghir By Imam Muhammad Ibn Ismail Al-Bukhari Page.119 Dar Al-Marifa Edition
[11] Lisan Al-Mezan By Imam Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani Vol(1) Page.220 Maktab Al-Matbuat Al-Islamia Edition
[12]Kitab Al-Duafa Al-saghir By Imam Muhammad Ibn Ismail Al-Bukhari and Kitab Al-Duafa wa Al-Matroken By Imam Al-Nisai Page.242
[13] Takrib Al-Tahthib by Imam Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani Page.998  Dar Al-Asima Edition
[14] Siar Aʿlam a Nubala By Imam Shams Al-Dean Al-Dahabi Vol(6) Page.328 Mūwasis Al-Risala Edition
[15] Ibid Page.332
[16] Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Azim By Imam Ibn Kathir Vol(5) Page.441  Dar-Taiba Edition
[17] Al-Jamiʿ liahkam Al-Quran By Imam Qurtobi Vol(14) Page.430  Mūwasis Al-Risala Edition
[18] Tafsir Al-Fakhir Al-Razi By Imam Muhammad Al-Razi Vol(23) Page.51 Dar Al-Fikr Edition
[19] Hashia Muhii Al-dean Shaikh Zada Ala Tafisr Al-Baidawi Vol(6) Page.124  Dar Al-kutob Al-Ilmia
[20] Azwa Al-Baian Fi Ezah Al-Quran Bilquran By Skaikh Al-shinqiti Vol(5) Page.796
[21] Musnad Imam Ahmed Ibn Hanbal Vol(11) Page.406 Sahih sanad Mūwasis Al-Risala Edition 

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