Saturday, February 21, 2015

The Qur’an not preserved? Part-3


Introduction:
This is a continues work of the Part 1 and Part 2[1] [2]of my response to some of the allegations against the Quranic preservation spewed out by Non-Muslims

Issue #1:
Continuing from the last issue numbered under footnote 21 in the second part of this series
we were told by Yahya Said: 'A'isha (Allah be pleased with, her) reported that it had been revealed in the Holy Qur'an that ten clear sucklings make the marriage unlawful, then it was abrogated (and substituted) by five sucklings and Allah's Apostle (Peace be Upon him) died and it was before that time (found) in the Holy Qur'an (and recited by the Muslims).
Explanation: and its meaning that Sucklings with only five was very Lately revealed tell the prophet passed away (i.e at the time of the prophet), and some people read the five Suckling and make it a reciteable Quran because abrogation didn’t reach it, and when abrogation reached it they all agreed not to recite it they backed down and agreed that it’s not recited, and abrogation is three types: one of them is the abrogation of ruling and recitation like the ten suckling, and the second what was the recitation abrogated and not the ruling like the five suckling and the stoning verse, and the third is what abrogate the ruling and the recitation remain like the verse { Those of you who die and leave widows should bequeath for their widows a year's maintenance and residence; but if they leave (The residence),}”[3]

it means that some who didn't reach the abrogation used to be recited in the first period, because Abrogation Can’t acquire except at the time of the prophet some how come the claim that this is abrogated after the death of the prophet?, Al-Turbušhti said:then it’s illogical for a verse to be lost or a litter to be missing that was recited at the time of Risala (message or Revelations) except that it was abrogated”[4]

Issue #2:
It was narrated that 'Aishah said:
The Verse of stoning and of breastfeeding an adult ten times was revealed1, and the paper was with me under my pillow. When the Messenger of Allah died, we were preoccupied with his death, and a tame sheep came in and ate it.”[5]
Here is the Narrator Muhammad Ibn Ishaq and he is considered a fabricator
The Verse of stoning and of breastfeeding an adult ten times was revealed1, and the paper was with me under my pillow. When the Messenger of Allah died, we were preoccupied with his death, and a tame sheep came in and ate it(1)
1-the Sanad is weak for having Ibn Ishaq being singled out in it and he is Muhammad Ibn Ishaq and in his Matin Nakira and the rest of the narrators are trusted”[6]
And if we assume the authenticity of the Narration, the overwhelming majority of the Ulama agree that it fall under the cataguri of the abrogated verse as Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani claim:
The word (But I am afraid) by omar on the Hadith of the stoning verse and his word (go astray by abandoning an obligation that Allah has sent down.) meaning that the verse in Question had the recitation abrogated but the ruling remained, and it seems that what Omar feared happened for some group of the Khawarig has denied the verse of stoning or must of them”[7]
Imam Al-Nawawi goes later explain that the Rajim Verse was abrogated, and that any verse that is not written down or caused to be forgotten either by scripture or by memorization was abrogated
(And if an old man and an old woman commit adultery, stone them both.) and that is of what the recitation was abrogated and the ruling remained, and the evident is that the Sahaba leaving this verse without writing it down in the Muṣhaf is a clear evidence that it was abrogated”[8]
Imam Badir Al-din Al-ʿaini makes the same conclusion
And Quran might include of what abrogated by recitation and the ruling remained like (And if an old man and an old woman commit adultery, stone them both)”[9]
And what Imam Abi Walid Al-Baji says about the Rajim verse is quite shocking
and it’s not correct to agree upon the Quran except by Ijma and gathered words
And another primes in hand is that the people gathered agreed that it was revealed in the Quran But later got abrogated by recitation and the ruling remained, and it should not be inserted in the Quran, because it’s not allowed to insert in the Quran what has the recitation abrogated”[10]
This is absolutely necessary as for it’s not allowed to insert a verse in the Quran that had it’s recitation abrogated, and as we explained before all the verses that was agreed to be abrogated had the ijma of Ulama at the time of the prophet
Imam Baihaqi says regarding the rajim verse


And that is evident that the verse of Rajim (stoning) ruling remained and the recitation was abrogated and from that I don’t see anyone conflicting with this point”[11]

Issue #3:
There is an allegation more predominantly exist in the industry of Arab Christian missionaries, the claim that there is two missing Suras of the Quran
The two missing Suras goes as follows
(Surah Al-Khaliʿ : Oh lord, to you we ask for help and to you alone we praise with goodness, and we never disbelieve in you nor we leave what cause your wrath
Surah Al-Hafid: Oh lord, to you we worship and to you we pray, and to you we kneel down, and to you we work hard, we seek your mercy and fear your punishment for your punishment is hard on disbelievers coming

These so called Suras can be found in Muṣhaf Ibn Abu Kaʿab and Abdullah Ibn Masʿud but we don’t find it in the Quran we have today)
Now if we investigate through the allegation and use the source that it’s cited by Arab Christian propagandists we find quite astonishing misquotation

And the gathering of the Quran was brought up by sertin Tawatir…..(then the author goes on speaking about these two so called Suras) and the opposite of these words the so called citation of the two Suras Surah Al-Khaliʿ and Surah Al-Hafid
and in it continent several rewaiat of what Al-hanafia recite during Salat, and it was said that it’s in Muṣhaf Ubai Ibn Kaʿab and Muṣhaf Ibn ʿAbas and Mushaf Abdullah Ibn Masʿud But they are if it was correct that it’s the word of god, Then it has been abrogated”[12]
And Imam of Hadith Abo Al-Husain Ahmed bin Jaʿfar in his book (Al-Nasikh wa Al-Mansukh) on what was removed from the Quran, and what was not removed from the hearts the two suras and there is no conflict between those who are left behind or those from the past that it was written on Muṣhaf Abi Ibn Kaʿab and it was said that the Prophet (Peace be Upon him) recited it to them and it was the Surahs of Khaliʿ and Hafid”[13]

I.e these two alleged Suras if they were verified to be part of the Quran by the opinion of the classical Islamic scholars it has been abrogated, and as we have affirmed earlier that all abrogation acquire at the time of the prophet
While it’s still Amazing how anti-muslim critiques will argue from the Hadith that the Quran has been altered and corrupted while they still possess lack of knowledge and understanding of hadith science, is till puzzling perplexing to me
There are quite ironically number of hadiths that actually confirm Quranic preservation
"Narrated Ubaidullah: Ibn `Abbas said, "Why do you ask the people of the scripture about anything while your Book (Qur'an) which has been revealed to Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) is newer and the latest? You read it pure, undistorted and unchanged, and Allah has told you that the people of the scripture (Jews and Christians) changed their scripture and distorted it, and wrote the scripture with their own hands and said, 'It is from Allah,' to sell it for a little gain. Does not the knowledge which has come to you prevent you from asking them about anything? No, by Allah, we have never seen any man from them asking you regarding what has been revealed to you!"[14]
Undistorted and unchanged, means it was preserved Pure, not changes or alteration unlike the Torah”[15]
According to The Quran Abrogation acquired within the Quran, therefore Skeptics to this article that I write might argue that the classical Islamic scholars called these lost verses abrogated in order to cover up Quranic corruption
{None of Our revelations do we abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?}[16]
Abu Al-Bakḫtari narrated : Imam Ali entered the Masjid, so there is a man who remind people of heaven and hell, so he ask :”who is this?” they replied “a man reminds the people” then he said “ Ali replied “he is not a man who remind people he says I’m this son of that, so know me” Imam Ali sent to him and asked him “do you know Nasikḫ and Mansukḫ?(abrogated)” he replied “No” Ali Replied “then leave our Masjid and don’t preach in it
And In another narration “do you know Nasikḫ and Mansukḫ?(abrogated) he Replied “no” then Ali replied “you are doomed””[17]
Therefore it’s safe to say that calling the so called lost verses being abrogated is part of the Sunnah, whither it’s accepted by Hadith critiques or not, those who argue against Quranic preservation using the Hadith have no choice but to accept that all of the so called lost verses are abrogated

Abrogation is also taught in Sunnah
From Al-Zuhri: we were told by Abu Amama a Tribe of the Ansar of the companions of the Prophet of God they told him a man came from the middle of the night want to read a verse that he knew, he could not know anything of it except the Basmala “In the name of the god the most gracious the most merciful” so he came to the prophet to ask him about that then another man came so another man, tell they gathered together and start asking each other on what brought them up, then they told each other on this Surah, then the prophet allowed them to ask him, so they asked about the Surah then he remained silent for an hour then he replied that it was abrogated yesterday so it was removed from their hearts (lost memory)”[18]
Also Ibn Taimiya says
and rumors came that some read Quran and then Forget it, then they come to the prophet and ask him then he replied “it was abrogated” like what Zuhri says: we were told by Abu Amama a Tribe of the Ansar of the companions of the Prophet of God they told him a man came from the middle of the night want to read a verse that he knew, he could not know anything of it except the Basmala “In the name of the god the most gracious the most merciful” so he came to the prophet to ask him about that then another man came so another man, tell they gathered together and start asking each other on what brought them up, then they told each other on this Surah, then the prophet allowed them to ask him, so they asked about the Surah then he remained silent for an hour then he replied that it was abrogated yesterday so it was removed from their hearts (lost memory)”[19]
From Saʿid Ibn Abdurrahman Bin Abza from his father: the prophet prayed ad Dawn then he left a verse when he finished he asked the people “is there in the people Ubai Ibn Kaʿb?” Ubai said “Oh Prophet of God the verse was abrogated or did you forgot it? The prophet replied “forgot it””[20]

Therefore classical Islamic scholars didn’t invent the abrogation polemics to respond to this broken allegation, that is outright gibberish trivia and childish to come up with, in conclusion to this article we have replied to several issues regarding Quranic preservation

End of Part-3



________________________________________
[1] http://azblogtalk.blogspot.nl/2014/11/the-quran-not-preserved-part-1.html
[2] http://azblogtalk.blogspot.nl/2014/12/the-qurannot-preserved-part-2.html
[3] Sahih Muslim Bi Sharih Imam Nawawi Vol (10) Page.44 Mūwasasa Qurtoba Edition
[4] Mirqā Al-Māfātih Sharih Mishkat Al-Masabih by Imam Ali Al-Qari and Sahrih Mishkat Al-Masabih by Tibrizi Vol (3) Page.297 Dar Al-kutob Al-Ilmia Edition
[5] Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 3, Book 9, Hadith 1944 Grade   : Hasan (Darussalam)
[6] Musnad Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal Vol (43) Page.342 Mūwasasa Al-Risala Edition
[7] Fatih Al-Bari by Ibn Hajar Al-Aasqalani Dar Tiba Vol (15) Page.651
[8] Sharih Sahih Muslim by Imam Nawawi Vol (11) page.274 Mūwasasa Qurtoba edition
[9] Sharih Sahih Bukḫari by Imam Badir Al-din Al-ʿaini  Vol(14) page.157 Dar Al-kutob Al-Ilmia edition
[10] Al-Muntaka Sharih Muati Malik By Imam Abi Walid Al-Baji Vol (9) Page.147 Dar Al-Kutob Al-ilmia Edition
[11] Sunan Al-Kubra by Imam Baihaqi Vol (8) Page.367 Dar Al-kutob Al-Ilmia Edition
[12] Ruh Al-Maʿani Fi Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Asim wa Al-sabiʿ Al-Mathani by Imam Al-Alusi Vol(30) Page.279  Dar Ihia Turath Al-Arabi edition
[13] Al-Burhan Fi Ulom Al-Quran by Imam Zarkashi Page.352 Dar Al-Hadith Edition
[14] Sahih al-Bukḫari 7363
[15] ʿUmda Al-Qari Fi Sharih Sahih Bukḫari by Imam Badir Al-Din Al-ʿAini  Vol(25) Page.113 Dar Al-Kutob Al-ʿIlmia Edition
[16] Quran 2:106
[17] Al-Jamiʿ Liaiat Al-Quran by Imam Al-Qurtubi Mūwasasa Vol (2) Page.300 Al-Risala Edition
[18] Dalail Al-Nuboa By Imam Abi Bakir Al-Baihaqi Vol (7) Page.157 Dar Al-Kutob Al-ʿIlmia Edition
[19] Majmuʿ Al-Fatawa by Imam Ibn TaimiaVol (17) Page.186 kḫadim Al-Haramian Al-Sharifian Edition
[20] Musnad Imam Ahmed Ibn Hanbal Vol (24) Page.80 Mūwasasa Risala Edition

1 comment:

  1. But isnt it true that there are 7 accepted variants of the qurans? And these variants also change the meaning slightly? So if you want the Quran completly you need a textcritical version of the quran.

    ReplyDelete